Hearing Loss Overview

When it comes to hearing loss, there are two main types: conductive and sensorineural. Understanding the differences between the two types of hearing loss and the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatments for each can help you make the best decisions for your hearing health.

The symptoms of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss can vary depending on the type and severity of the hearing loss. Common symptoms of both types of hearing loss include difficulty understanding speech, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), and feeling like your ears are blocked or full.

People with conductive hearing loss may also experience pain or fullness in the ear, discharge from the ear, or a feeling of pressure within the ear canal. On the other hand, people with sensorineural hearing loss tend to face more social anomalies, such as difficulty understanding speech with friends and family, particularly in noisy and challenging environments.

If you think you may be experiencing hearing loss, it's important to contact us for a hearing test. A hearing test can help determine your hearing abilities, as well as rule out any other medical conditions that may be causing it. When it comes to hearing loss treatment, addressing the issue earlier rather than later can be beneficial.

Conductive Hearing Loss

Conductive hearing loss is a type of hearing loss caused by a physical problem in the outer or middle ear that prevents sound from traveling through the ear correctly. It often consists of physical blockages that impede sound signals from properly reaching the inner ear. Conductive hearing loss is usually temporary and can often be treated with medication or surgery.

Conductive hearing loss can be caused by many different factors. Common causes include ear infections, fluid buildup in the middle ear, earwax accumulation, a perforated eardrum, and any other physical blockage in the outer or middle ear. Conductive hearing loss can also be caused by certain medications, tumors, or allergies. Infections such as otitis media and otitis externa can cause conductive hearing loss as they initiate fluid aggregation in the middle ear, which can lead to partial or complete impairment.

Conductive Hearing Loss

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss, on the other hand, is a type of hearing loss caused by damage to the inner ear or the auditory nerve that carries sound from the ear to the brain. In most cases, the tiny hair cells that transmit sound information to the brain become deteriorated and cannot carry out their function properly. As these hair cells do not regenerate, sensorineural hearing loss is usually permanent and can often be managed with properly fit prescriptive hearing aids or possibly cochlear implants.
Woman holding ear, worried

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